Over the past decade, responsive facade systems have emerged to improve user comfort, energy consumption, and cost efficiency as they are capable of responding and adapting to environmental stimuli. Design of a responsive facade system involves various fields such as engineering, architecture, robotics, material science, mathematics, physics, structure, fabrication, and geometry in the process of design. The geometry of facades as socio-cultural design parameters affects the visual performance of facade. However, existing responsive facades are socio-culturally inert.
This paper presents a set of educational activities that can be used in facade design courses. The proposed hands-on activities consist of different modules on pattern identification, mathematical modeling, shading function development, and design of the mechanism and simulation of the designed facade system.
The educational activities of each module are demonstrated by using a Persian pattern named “SHAMSEH” as a pattern of the facade system. Excel software was utilized to develop the mathematical model of the selected pattern. Grasshopper-for-Rhino software was used to create shading function, design a mechanism for motion, and simulate the facade system. The proposed hands-on activities assist students, educators, and architects in pattern identification and mathematical modeling, in mechanism and control design, and in simulation of a facade system.
Negar H. Matin is currently a Ph.D. candidate in Technology at Eastern Michigan University (EMU), Ypsilanti, Michigan. She has been a doctoral fellow working on responsive facade systems since 2015. Her research interests are in interdisciplinary areas of cultural identities, architectural technology, building envelopes, responsive autonomous intelligent facade systems and smart materials. During her PhD, she has published seven journal and conference papers in high-ranking architectural research journal and conference proceedings. Ms. Matin has over 5 years of experience of teaching in architecture and interior design field at Azad Islamic University and Eastern Michigan University. She has been LEED Green Associate since 2016. During 2018-2019 academic year, she was chosen as the outstanding PhD student of the year at College of Technology at Eastern Michigan University.
Ali Eydgahi started his career in higher education as a faculty member at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1985. Since then, he has been with the State University of New York, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, and Eastern Michigan University. During 2006-2010, he was Chair of the Department of Engineering and Aviation Sciences, Founder and Director of the Center for 3-D Visualization and Virtual Reality Applications, and Technical Director of the NASA funded MIST Space Vehicle Mission Planning Laboratory at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore. In 2010, he joined Eastern Michigan University as an Associate Dean in the College of Technology and currently is a Professor in the School of Engineering Technology. He has an extensive experience in curriculum and laboratory design and development. Dr. Eydgahi has served as a member of the Board of Directors for Tau Alpha Pi, as a member of Advisory and Editorial boards for many International Journals in Engineering and Technology, as a member of review panel for NASA and Department of Education, as a regional and chapter chairman of IEEE, SME, and ASEE, and as a session chair and as a member of scientific and international committees for many international conferences.
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